Detailed understanding of what is a Social Security Number?
A Social Security Number (SSN) is issued to track earnings over a worker’s lifetime. Students holding F1 and J1 Visas and who are employed in USA must apply for SSN. Dependents in F2 status are not eligible for SSN.
In order to issue a Social Security Number, the Social Security Administration requires evidence that you are eligible to work in the U.S., that you are a full time student, and that you have received a formal offer of on-campus employment, or have been authorized to work off-campus employment through CPT or OPT or Academic training. The Social Security Administration must also verify your immigration documents and status with the immigration before issuing the SSN.
- Does it cost?
There is no charge for Social Security Number or Card.
- How long does it take to get a SSN?
The Social Security Administration will mail your number and card as soon as all of your immigration information has been verified. It can take 2-4 weeks or even more.
- What if my card is lost or stolen?
You can replace your card for free if it is lost or stolen. However, you are limited to three replacements in a year and 10 during life time. Legal name changes and exceptions do not count towards these limits.
- You do not require SSN to obtain Driving License. In case if you do not have any job and in eligible to apply for SSN, you can still get the ineligibility letter from SSN office and obtain the Driving License.
- You will start building credit history as soon as you receive SSN, which will help you to have a financing option for your purchases (For Example: Cell Phone on contract, Cars on monthly EMIs.)